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Household waste is one of the most critical aspects of our impact on the environment. If we want to reduce our impact on nature, it is essential to address this issue and work to reduce the sorting and recycling of our waste. We each produce 500 kg of household waste a year, the main component of which is paper. Today, we offer you a focus on household waste, their types and their management system.
Household Waste: What does it Mean?
Household waste refers to solid waste that includes garbage and garbage from our homes. This can be bottles, cans, clothing, disposables, food packaging, food waste, newspapers, and magazines or garden waste. They may also contain household hazardous waste.
Image Source: City and County of Denver
One of the problems with household waste is that it’s not all waste. We can drastically reduce their quantity by thinking before throwing something in the trash. The state has long been working to facilitate sorting and recycling, including the provision of paper, glass and other items that can be broken down and reused.
However, there are other types of household waste, such as used batteries, which are dangerous. These items must be disposed of specifically and must not be thrown in the trash.
What are the Different Types of Household Waste?
Did you know that household waste can be classified into five different types? Besides, some types of waste are recyclable while others are not:
Liquid waste is generally present in both household and industrial waste. This waste includes dirty water, body fluids, wash water, cleaners, and even rainwater.
Image Source: San Mateo County Health
Solid waste can include various objects and is generally divided into 4 types:
Plastic Waste: these are bags, bottles and many other products. Plastic is not biodegradable, but many types of plastic can be recycled.
Paper Waste: this includes packaging materials, newspapers, cartons, and other products. Paper can easily be recycled and reused.
Boxes and Metals: you can find them in different forms throughout your home. Most metals can be recycled.
Organic waste is another type of household waste. All food waste and garden waste are classified as organic waste. Over time, micro-organisms transform organic waste, which is the very principle of composting. However, this does not mean that you can arrange them anywhere.
Recyclable waste includes all waste that can be converted into products that can be reused. Solid items such as paper, metals, furniture and organic waste can all be recycled.
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Hazardous waste includes all types of flammable, toxic, corrosive and reactive waste. These items may be harmful to the environment and must be removed by specific processes.
The Household Waste Circuit
Waste collection methods vary considerably by country and region. Household waste collection services are often provided by local authorities or by private companies.
The collected waste is then transported to an appropriate disposal facility. In some areas, vacuum collection is used in which waste is transported from residences by suction along small pipes.
Unsorted household waste is collected at the curb or in waste transfer stations, then sorted into recyclable waste and unusable waste. Such systems are capable of sorting large volumes of solid waste, recovering recyclables and turning the rest into biogas or burying it. This article will give you information on what is recycles in the waste deposited in selective sorting.
Image Source: UN Environment
This includes drinks cartons that are made primarily from cardboard. Do not be confused between beverage cartons and other types of packaging that are very similar to them, but are based on plastic or another type of polymer.
Plastic Bottles and Flasks
These are bottles with mineral water, fruit juice or other food or chemical products. An essential good practice is to squeeze these bottles to reduce their volumes before recycling them.
Image Source: Beverages | PRAN Foods Ltd
Metallic packaging par excellence is cans and tin cans, which make up a very large percentage of household waste that we produce every day.
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